Ho Chi Minh

on April 14th, 2020 (JST) current information.
Furthermore, the details under "Visa" and "Passport" are for Japanese nationals.
This information is likely to change suddenly, so please contact the relevant official authority (e.g., embassy) for the latest information.

Immigration and Visa

Visa

Japanese citizens with a passport that is valid for at least six months from the date of entry and a ticket for leaving Vietnam can stay for up to 15 days without a visa. A visa is required for stays of 16 days or longer, if you do not have an air ticket for leaving Vietnam (for example, you plan on departing by land), or if you will re-enter Vietnam within 30 days of leaving the country.Visas can be obtained at the embassy or consulate of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. You can stay for one month with a regular tourist visa (single visa).

Passport

Your passport must be valid for at least six months from the time of obtaining a visa (or upon entry if you do not have a visa).

  • Visa, passport, and other information is subject to change without notice. Be sure to check with the Embassy, Consulate, or travel agency.

Note for travel to Vietnam

During the immigration inspection, you must present your ticket for return or onward travel. When traveling with an e-ticket, you must present an e-ticket itinerary receipt.

  • Note that it is not acceptable to simply present an e-ticket on a computer or mobile device.

Quarantine

When visiting from Japan, it is prohibited to bring the following items into Vietnam.

  • a. Plants (including seeds), plant products, fruit
  • b. Mushrooms (excluding pickled, canned, frozen, or fermented)
  • c. Silkworms, cocoons
  • d. Insects, fungi, bacteria, viruses
  • e. Animal processed products (raw foods)

Customs

Bringing in e-cigarettes

As of December 2019, there are no regulations for bringing it in the country.

For bringing and possession of tax-free cigarettes

The following are goods that must be declared upon entry (as of June 2019)

  • Foreign currency equivalent to more than US$5000. There is no restriction on the amount of foreign currency that can be brought in.
  • VND15 million or more.
  • 300 g or more of precious metals and jewelry.
  • Precious metals and jewelry worth more than VND300 million.
  • 2L or more of liquor containing less than 20% alcohol.
  • 1.5L or more of liquor containing 20% or more alcohol.
  • 3L or more of beer and other alcoholic beverages.
  • 200 or more cigarettes.
  • 20 or more cigars.
  • 250 g or more of rolled tobacco.
  • CD players, video cameras, radio-cassette players, TVs, mobile devices, and other devices worth more than VND10 million.
  • Videotapes, DVDs, and CDs (must have a certificate of having been checked in advance).
  • Prohibited from bringing in: Narcotics, poison, fireworks, antiques, and ironware as well as printed materials or videos criticizing socialism, pornographic magazines, and adult videos and DVDs.

Time difference and Daylight Saving Time

Time difference

Vietnam is 2 hours behind Japan. When it is noon in Japan, it is 10:00 in Vietnam. Daylight saving time is not observed.

Climate

Climate

Overall, Vietnam has high temperatures and a lot of rain. It has a tropical monsoon climate. However, since the country is narrow and runs a long distance from north to south, even in the same periods the climate can be quite different depending on the region. In particular, in winter (November to March) the north is cool enough to require a jacket, but in the south days with temperatures over 30°C continue. It is best to research the climate of the destination before leaving Japan to bring the proper clothing.

A temperature graph of Ho Chi Minh City and Tokyo

A precipitation graph of Ho Chi Minh City and Tokyo

The average maximum temperature in Tokyo and Ho Chi Minh, The average minimum temperature in Tokyo and Ho Chi Minh
month The average maximum temperature in Tokyo The average minimum temperature in Tokyo The average maximum temperature in Ho Chi Minh The average minimum temperature in Ho Chi Minh
Jan. 10℃ 2℃ 31℃ 21℃
Feb. 10℃ 2℃ 32℃ 22℃
Mar. 13℃ 5℃ 33℃ 23℃
Apr. 18℃ 10℃ 34℃ 24℃
May 23℃ 15℃ 33℃ 24℃
Jun. 25℃ 18℃ 33℃ 23℃
Jul. 28℃ 23℃ 32℃ 23℃
Aug. 31℃ 24℃ 32℃ 23℃
Sep. 27℃ 21℃ 31℃ 23℃
Oct. 23℃ 15℃ 30℃ 22℃
Nov. 17℃ 10℃ 30℃ 21℃
Dec. 13℃ 5℃ 30℃ 20℃
The average precipitation in Tokyo and Ho Chi Minh
month The average precipitation in Tokyo The average precipitation in Ho Chi Minh
Jan. 50mm 30mm
Feb. 50mm 10mm
Mar. 110mm 10mm
Apr. 120mm 60mm
May 130mm 250mm
Jun. 170mm 310mm
Jul. 150mm 280mm
Aug. 160mm 260mm
Sep. 210mm 330mm
Oct. 200mm 260mm
Nov. 90mm 110mm
Dec. 50mm 20mm

Currency and Exchange Rate, Tax, Currency exchange, Tip

Currency and Exchange Rate

The banknotes have many digits and similar pictures, so be careful not to mix them up. Coins are hardly ever in use.

Banknotes come in 12 denominations: 100, 200, 500, 1000, 2000, 5000, 10,000, 20,000, 50,000, 100,000, 200,000, and 500,000. The 100 and 200 dong notes are not widely circulated. Coins come in five denominations: 200, 500, 1000, 2000, and 5000 dong. These are no longer in circulation. In addition, though the US dollar is also circulated, price displays and payment/acceptance of foreign currency has been restricted since early 2012, and gradually its circulation is declining.
VND1000 is approx. JPY4.61 (As of April 2020)

Tax

Basically, a 10% to 20% value added tax (VAT) is imposed, but in reality it is usually not imposed on shopping and payments at the tourist level. Travelers pay VAT at mid/high class hotels and upscale restaurants. In July 2014, a value-added tax (VAT) refund system was put into place. There are VAT refund counters at the airports and terminals that serve international flights where it is possible to receive refund if procedures are followed, so we recommend that you acquire an understanding of the system before using it.

Tip

Vietnam does not have a custom of tipping, so basically it is not necessary.

  • Restaurants: Not required in restaurants other than upscale restaurants. Even in upscale restaurants, it is unnecessary when a service charge is added.
  • Hotels: Tip bellhops and room service approx. VND10000 to VND20000.
  • Tour guide and driver: For a private tour, the tip is about 50,000 to 100,000 dong per day. You don't need to give a tip on a cheap tour.
  • Massage and spa: If you do give a tip, 50,000 to 100,000 dong is about right. In some cases the tip and/or service fee is included in the tour charge, so check beforehand.
  • Taxies: Not necessary.

Voltage and plug

Voltage

A conversion adapter for Type A, Type C, and Type SE

Voltage is almost always 220V, but in rare cases it is 110V. The cycle is 50Hz. Many plugs are a combination of Type A and Type C. There are Type A, Type C, and in rare instances, Type SE and Type BF plugs. Using 100V electric products from Japan requires a transformer. Hotels of mid-level and above lend guests transformers. Even Japanese electric products that handle 100V to 240V can be used without a transformer, so read the instruction manual for electronic products you plan to use. However, be aware that even products that can handle 100V to 240V require a conversion adapter for the plug.

Video and DVD

Video and DVD

The DVD region code for Vietnam is 3, while it is 2 for Japan. DVDs cannot be viewed in Japan unless they are clearly marked “All code.” Be aware that bringing copied DVDs of animes and movies, etc. into Japan is not permitted.

Mail

Mail

Post Office Business Hours

Though it differs slightly for each post office, usually they are open from 7:00 to 21:00. Post offices are normally open on Sundays, too.

Postal Fees

Airmail to Japan costs VND16000 for a postcard, and VND15000 for sealed letters up to 20g. Parcel of parcels up to 1kg cost VND514000. An extra VND60500 is added for every 1kg thereafter.

Phone Call

How to phone

Telephoning Japan from Vietnam

Ex. When calling Tokyo (03) 1234-5678
STEP1

dial 00 (International telephone identification number)

STEP2

81 (Country Code, Japan )

STEP3

3 (Remove the first 0 for area codes)

STEP4

1234-5678(Other parties telephone number)

Telephoning Vietnam from Japan

Ex. When calling Ho Chi Minh(08) 1234-5678
STEP1

International Telephone Company No.

  • 001 (KDDI)*1
  • 0033 (NTT Communications) *1
  • 0061 (SoftBank) *1
  • 005345 (au Mobile) *2
  • 009130 (NTT DoCoMo Mobile) *3
  • 0046 (SoftBank Mobile)*4
STEP2

010 (International Identification No.)

STEP3

84 (Country Code, Vietnam)

STEP4

8 (Area code, remove first 0)

STEP5

1234-5678 (Other parties telephone number)

  • *1.Not required if you have an international registration with "My Line". See URL My Line(www.myline.org) for details.
  • *2.au does not require 005345.
  • *3.Pre-registration to World Wing is required for NTT DoCoMo. Does not require 009130.
  • *4.Call are possible without dialing 0046 from SoftBank.

Holiday / National holiday

Holiday / National holiday

2020

  • January 1: New Year’s Day
  • January 25 : Tet (Vietnamese New Year)
  • April 2: Anniversary of the Death of Hung Vuong
  • April 30: Reunification Day
  • May 1: May Day
  • September 2: National Day (Independence Day)

Language

Language

The official language is Vietnamese, which is written using characters called Quoc Ngu. English is often understood in places that cater to foreigners and travelers. Some stores also understand Japanese. In addition, some senior citizens understand French and Russian.

Business hours, etc

Business hours

Below are guidelines for general business hours, which differ by shop, restaurant, etc.

Banks

Mon. to Fri. 8:00 to 11:30, 13:00 to 16:00, closed on Sun., holidays. Some places are open on Sat. Currency can be exchanged during business hours.

Shops

8:00 to 21:00.

Restaurants

10:00 to 22:00, but some places open at 6:00 and close at 24:00. In addition, many upscale restaurants close for 2 to 3 hours between lunchtime and dinnertime.

Age Limit

Neither tobacco nor alcohol is regulated by law. Their consumption is socially acceptable around the age of 18.A license is required for driving motorcycles that are over 50 cc, and this rule applies to foreign nationals as well. Vietnam does not participate in international licensing and international drivers licenses are not valid in Vietnam.

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