Yangon

on December 19th, 2019 (JST) current information.
Furthermore, the details under "Visa" and "Passport" are for Japanese nationals.
This information is likely to change suddenly, so please contact the relevant official authority (e.g., embassy) for the latest information.

Immigration and Visa

Visa

For citizens of Japan and Korea, Myanmar is implementing a trial visa waiver program beginning October 2018 to November 30th 2020 and continuing.

Applicable travelers

Holders of regular passports from either Japan or Korea.

Period of in effect

Entry into the country between October 1, 2018 and November 30, 2020.

Conditions of visa-free (visa waivered) stay

  • The passport must be valid for at least 6 months.
  • There must be at least two unused pages for visas remaining in the passport.
  • The traveler must hold a valid ticket for departure by air within one month.
  • Up to 30 days stay for tourism purposes. Tour guides traveling for tourism purposes are also included.
  • Port of entry must be one of Yangon International Airport, Mandalay International Airport, Nay Pyi Taw International Airport, or the water Port of Yangon.

Passport

You may enter if you have a passport that is valid for at least six months from the date of entry.

Quarantine

When visiting from Japan, it is prohibited to bring the following items into Myanmar.

  • a. Animals, birds, meat or meat products that do not pass quarantine, products for animals, animal feed
  • b. Live plants, seeds, or soil with no plant quarantine certificate
  • Items that are deemed in quarantine to be of nonstandard quality or to contain harmful pathogens or toxins will be confiscated or destroyed.

Immigration Card

As of November 2018, immigration card is not necessary.

Customs

Bringing electronic cigarettes (heated tobacco) is limited to one device per person for personal (your own) use. In addition, replacement fluid up to 50ml can also be brought with you.

For bringing and possession of tax-free cigarettes

  • Liquor: up to 2L
  • Tobacco: 400 cigarettes, 50 cigars, or up to 250g of cut tobacco
  • Perfumes/eau de Cologne: up to 150ml

Time difference and Daylight Saving Time

Time difference

There is a 2 hour and 30 minute time difference between Japan and Myanmar. Noon in Japan is 9:30 in Myanmar. Daylight saving time is not observed.

Climate

Climate

There are significant regional differences because the country stretches lengthwise north to south. Basically, the central to southern regions are tropical, while the northern region is temperate. The regions in which foreigners can travel without special permission have a hot and humid climate throughout the year.

Average Annual Temperature

  • Data on temperature and precipitation in Tokyo is from the Tokyo District Meteorological Observatory. Temperature and precipitation in Yangon is according to data obtained in Myanmar.

Annual Precipitation

  • Data on temperature and precipitation in Tokyo is from the Tokyo District Meteorological Observatory. Temperature and precipitation in Yangon is according to data obtained in Myanmar.
The average maximum temperature in Tokyo and Yangon, The average minimum temperature in Tokyo and Yangon
month The average maximum temperature in Tokyo The average minimum temperature in Tokyo The average maximum temperature in Yangon The average minimum temperature in Yangon
Jan. 10℃ 2℃ 36℃ 15℃
Feb. 10℃ 2℃ 38℃ 18℃
Mar. 13℃ 5℃ 39℃ 19℃
Apr. 18℃ 10℃ 40℃ 22℃
May 23℃ 15℃ 37℃ 24℃
Jun. 25℃ 18℃ 33℃ 22℃
Jul. 28℃ 23℃ 33℃ 23℃
Aug. 31℃ 24℃ 33℃ 23℃
Sep. 27℃ 21℃ 33℃ 24℃
Oct. 23℃ 15℃ 35℃ 23℃
Nov. 17℃ 10℃ 35℃ 22℃
Dec. 13℃ 5℃ 32℃ 14℃
The average precipitation in Tokyo and Yangon
month The average precipitation in Tokyo The average precipitation in Yangon
Jan. 40mm 0mm
Feb. 50mm 0mm
Mar. 100mm 30mm
Apr. 120mm 50mm
May 130mm 350mm
Jun. 190mm 530mm
Jul. 120mm 480mm
Aug. 140mm 450mm
Sep. 180mm 290mm
Oct. 140mm 140mm
Nov. 90mm 50mm
Dec. 40mm 20mm

Currency and Exchange Rate, Tax, Currency exchange, Tip

Currency and Exchange Rate

There are also small new banknotes for the K1000 and K500.

The unit of currency is the Myanmar kyat. In this website, it is written as K. This is subdivided into pya; 100 pya equals K1. However, the pya is almost never used due to inflation. There are 11 denominations of banknotes: K1, K5, K10, K20, K50, K100, K200, K500, K1000, K5000, and K10000.
Exchange Rate: K1 is approx. JPY0.072. (as of December 3, 2019.)

Tax

Luxury hotels will add a 10% tax and a 10% service charge to fees.

Tip

Not required, excluding luxury hotels and upscale restaurants.

Voltage and plug

Voltage

Some plugs have switches that can turn off the power

Voltage is 220V to 240V with a cycle of 50Hz. Electric products made to Japanese specifications cannot be used as is. Electric power is inferior, and voltage is unstable. Power failures often occur. Plug types include B, B3, etc.

Video and DVD

Video and DVD

Myanmar used the same NTSC video system as Japan. The DVD region code is 3 (Japan is 2).For Blu-ray Discs, Myanmar uses the same Region A code as Japan.

Mail

Mail

The postal system has been improved thanks to Japanese assistance. Delivery between Yangon, Naypyidaw, Mandalay has improved significantly from 87.8% in Jan 2014 to 99.3% in Jan 2015.

Postal Fees (airmail to Japan)

A postcard is K500.

Post Office Business Hours

Mon. to Fri. 9:30 to 16:00, Sat. 9:30 to 12:00, closed on Sun./holidays. (may differ according to post office.)

Phone Call

How to phone

Telephoning Japan from Myanmar

STEP1

Dial 00 (International telephone ID Number)

STEP2

81 (Country Code, Japan)

STEP3

Other parties telephone number (Remove the first 0 from area codes and mobile telephone numbers)

Telephoning Myanmar from Japan

Use any of the following
STEP1

International Telephone Provider No.

  • 001 (KDDI)*1
  • 0033 (NTT Communications) *1
  • 0061 (SoftBank Telecom) *1
  • 005345 (au Mobile) *2
  • 009130 (NTT DoCoMo Mobile) *3
  • 0046 (SoftBank Mobile)*4
STEP2

010 (International Identification No.)

STEP3

95 (Country Code, Myanmar)

STEP4

Other parties telephone No. (Remove the first 0 for area codes and mobile telephone numbers)

  • *1.Not required if you have an international registration with "My Line" or "My Line Plus". See URL My Line/My Line Plus(www.myline.org) for details.
  • *2.au does not require 005345.
  • *3.Pre-registration to World Wing is required for NTT DoCoMo. Does not require 009130.
  • *4.Call are possible without dialing 0046 from SoftBank.
Myanmar Domestic Calls

Area codes apply and must be placed before any numbers except when making calls within the same area. Line quality can be poor, especially when making calls to other regions.

Myanmar Public Telephones

There are no automatic public telephones as coins are not available. Calls can be made from the public telephone shops available in cities. Telephone usage fees can be paid directly to the teller at each establishment.

Holiday / National holiday

Holiday / National holiday

The dates of national holidays marked with an *1 change each year since they are observed in accordance with the lunar calendar or the Chula Sakarat (Burmese calendar).When a public holiday falls on a Saturday or Sunday, the following Monday is a substitute holiday.

2020

  • January 1: New Year's Day
  • January 4 to 6: Independence Day
  • February 12: Union Day
  • March 2: Peasants' Day
  • March 8 to 9: Tabaung Festival (full moon in March)*1
  • March 27: Armed Forces Day
  • April 10 to 17: Maha Thingyan (Water Festival)*1
  • May 1: May Day
  • May 6: Kason Festival*1
  • July 19 to 20: Martyrs' Day
  • August 3: Waso Festival (beginning of Buddhist Lent) (full moon in July)*1
  • September 29 to October 2: Thadingyut Festival (Also called the Tazaungdaing festival)*1
  • November 12: Tazaungmone Festival (full moon in November)*1
  • December 25: Christmas Day
  • December 31: New Year’s Eve
  • *1.There may be additional Hindu and Islamic holidays.

Language

Language

The official language is Burmese. Ethnic minorities each have their own language. English is understood at many hotels and guesthouses used by foreigners. Chinese is understood in the northern and northeastern regions, and Thai is understood in the eastern region of Shan State.

Business hours, etc

Business hours

Government Offices

Mon. to Fri. 9:30 to 16:30. Closed on Sundays and holidays.

Department Stores/Shops

Business hours vary, because unlike places like Europe, business hours are not public regulated. Generally, stores are open from around 9:00 to 21:00 nearly every day, excluding New Year’s (according to the Burmese calendar) and religious holidays.

Restaurants

Establishments of moderate standing or above are open from around 11:00 to 22:00 or 23:00 (some close for a short period in the afternoon). Some restaurants serving the local residents open at 6:00 or 7:00.

Age Limit

Minors are prohibited from smoking and consuming alcohol.

Manners

Prohibition of Street Shoes on Temple Grounds

In Myanmar, visitors must be barefoot when entering not only temple buildings, but also temple grounds. Socks and stockings, as well as shoes must be taken off. When visiting temples, it is convenient to wear easy-to-slip-off shoes without socks/stockings. Large temples have a place to store shoes at the entrance to the temple approach. Leave a tip when handing over your shoes.

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