on September 27th, 2019 (JST) current information.
Furthermore, the details under "Visa", "Passport" and "Note When you travel to the United States" are for Japanese nationals.
This information is likely to change suddenly, so please contact the relevant official authority (e.g., embassy) for the latest information.
Immigration and Visa
No visa is usually required for tourism or business trips within ninety days. However, entry to the US is often denied for those entering and exiting frequently, or those staying in the US for a long time. Those traveling with a visa waiver must obtain electronic travel authorization from ESTA (excluding entry by land).
It is preferable to have a passport that is valid for at least 90 days from the date of entry.
- Note for travel to the United States
Note When you travel to the United States
The Electronic System for Travel Authorization (ESTA) was introduced in 2009 for those wishing to travel to the United States without a visa. To use this system, you must apply for travel authorization in advance. Applications must be submitted at least 72 hours before departure on the official ESTA website . Follow the procedure in Japanese, and enter the applicant information, passport information, travel information, address during your stay in the United States (e.g. your hotel), and other details in the roman alphabet. The application fee is $14. You can pay by American Express, MasterCard, VISA, or other credit card. Valid for two years from the completion of registration (except if your passport is lost)
Starting April 1, 2016, everyone traveling to the US without a visa must have an e-Passport (IC passport). This rule also applies to visitors with a valid Electronic System for Travel Authorization (ESTA). If you are traveling to the US with a visa waiver, you must confirm that your passport is an e-Passport (IC passport). Visa Waiver Program
Revision of the visa waiver program
The Visa Waiver Program Improvement and Terrorist Travel Prevention Act was enacted on January 21, 2016. According to this act, the following individuals cannot travel to the US on the visa waiver program (VMP).
- Nationals of VWP countries who have traveled to or been present in Iran, Iraq, North Korea, Sudan, Syria, Libya, Somalia, or Yemen on or after March 1, 2011 (Libya, Somalia, and Yemen were added to the list on February 18, 2016).
- Nationals of VWP countries who are also nationals of Iran, Iraq, North Korea, Sudan, or Syria.
- Visa, passport, and other information is subject to change without notice. Be sure to check with the Embassy, Consulate, or travel agency.
These individuals must apply for a visa. Travelers may be eligible for a visa waiver with case-by-case screening if the purpose of travel was official business for an international organization, news reporting by a journalist, or legitimate business activities. Please check with the US Embassy or Consulate for details. Visas , Visa Waiver Program .
When visiting from Japan, it is prohibited to bring the following items into the United States.
- a. Fruit, vegetables, plants, seeds, foods, insects, plant products
- b. Meat, processed meat, animals, animal or wild animal products (foods that contain eggs or meat extracts are also prohibited)
- c. Disease agents, cell cultures, snails
- d. Soil
- Alcohol such as absinthe with the alcohol content of 70% or more cannot be brought in to the country.
- Examples of food products that contain meat extract are cup noodles, furikake rice seasonings, curry roux, and instant soups.
Bringing in e-cigarettes
The scope for tax exemption is 200 cigarettes, same as for regular cigarettes.
If you want to enter in less than 18 years of age
The US Department of Homeland Security Customs and Border Protection (CBP) strongly recommends that those under 18 entering the US unaccompanied or accompanied by one parent or another individual who is not a parent or legal guardian have an English document signed by both parents or the parent who is not accompanying the minor.
For bringing and possession of tax-free cigarettes
For travelers who are 21 or older, tax is exempt for 1 L of alcohol for personal consumption or gifts up to $100 in value. Tax is exempt for up to 200 cigarettes (or 50 cigars or 2 kg for cut tobacco). All food products containing vegetables, fruit, meat, or meat extracts are not allowed to be brought into the country.
Time difference and Daylight Saving Time
There are four time zones in mainland U.S. Chicago is in the Central Time Zone (CST) and is 15 hours behind Japan. (It is 9PM the previous day in Chicago when it is noon in Japan.) In summer, almost all states use Daylight Saving Time (summertime) and the clocks move forward an hour. The time difference between Japan and Chicago becomes an hour shorter. Daylight Saving Time is from the second Sunday in March to the first Sunday in November. When traveling, be careful of the changes in the time difference.
Chicago also has four seasons, but spring and fall are shorter than in Japan and winter is longer and colder. Snow falls in winter and the temperature drops to -20°C or lower. When there is a breeze, it feels cooler than the actual temperature. Spring to early summer is the best time to visit as the weather is stable and there are tons of events. There is a large temperature difference, so it is best to pay attention to clothing every season.
|Month||The average maximum temperature in Tokyo||The average mimimum temperature in Tokyo||The average maximum temperature in Chicago||The average mimimum temperature in Chicago|
|Month||The average precipitation in Tokyo||The average precipitation in Chicago|
Currency and Exchange Rate, Tax, Currency exchange, Tip
Currency and Exchange Rate
US banknotes and coins
The unit of currency is dollars ($) and cents (¢). $1 is JPY105.98 (as of September 4, 2019). There are six denominations of banknotes: $1, $5, $10, $20, $50, and $100. Note that many smaller shops do not accept $50 or $100 bills. There are six types of coins: 1¢, 5¢, 10¢, 25¢, 50¢, and 100¢ (100¢ is $1), but the 50¢, and 100¢ coins are not widely distributed.
There is a sales tax applied when making purchases and a hotel tax applied when staying at hotels. The rate (%) varies with the state or city. When eating at a restaurant, you will also be charged tax that is equal to or higher than the sales tax. There is no sales tax in certain places like Portland, Oregon and Montana, and states like Lousiana and Texas have a tax refund system for overseas travelers.
It is customary to tip when receiving any type of service, for example at restaurants, in taxis, or when staying at hotels (e.g. to the bellhop or housekeeping staff). The amount differs depending on whether a special request was made or the level of satisfaction with the service, but the following values serve as references.
- Restaurants: 15 to 20% of the total. If a service charge is included with the meal, leave some change on the table or tray when leaving.
- Taxis: Tips are about 15% to 20% of the fare (at least 1 USD).
- Hotels: Depending on the size and number of pieces of luggage, bellhops should be tipped about $2 to 3 per piece. Tip well if you have a lot of luggage. Leave $1 to 2 on the pillow for housekeeping staff.
Voltage and plug
The voltage is 120 V. Plugs are three-pin. Although Japanese products with 100 V, two-pin plugs can be used as is, it should be noted that there is a minor voltage difference. Extended use of appliances such as hair dryers or chargers may result in overheating, so special measures should be taken, such as breaking up usage into shorter durations of time.
Video and DVD
Video and DVD
The TV and video system is NTSC in both Japan and the US, and the Blu Ray region code is A in both Japan and the US, so media from both countries can be played on media players in the other country. However, the DVD region code is 1 for the US and 2 for Japan. Therefore media that does not include both region codes or the label 'All codes' is not cross-compatible.
Airmail to Japan is $1.15 for letters and postcards. There are some postal methods with a set rate for using a specified envelope or box.
Post office hours
Hours vary slightly between towns/cities. Post offices are generally open from around 9:00 to 17:00 on weekdays.Postal boxes are blue. Mail designated as EXPRESS MAIL is only express for domestic deliveries.
How to phone
Telephoning Japan from the United States of America
Ex. When calling (03) 1234-5678
dial 011 (International telephone identification numbers)
81 (Country Code, Japan)
3 (Remove the first 0 for area codes)
1234-5678 (Other parties telephone No.)
Telephoning the United States of America from Japan
Ex. When calling Los Angeles (213) 123-456
International Telephone Company No.
- 001 (KDDI)*1
- 0033 (NTT Communications) *1
- 0061 (SoftBank Telecom) *1
- 005345 (au Mobile) *2
- 009130 (NTT DoCoMo Mobile) *3
- 0046 (SoftBank Mobile)*4
010 (International Identification No.)
1 (Country Code, The United States of America)
213 (Area Code)
123-4567 (Other parties telephone No.)
- *1.Not required if you have an international registration with "My Line" or "My Line Plus". See URL My Line/My Line Plus(www.myline.org) for details.
- *2.au does not require 005345.
- *3.Pre-registration to World Wing is required for NTT DoCoMo. Does not require 009130.
- *4.Call are possible without dialing 0046 from SoftBank.
- For the three cell phone carriers, hold down 0 until + appears, then add the country code and the phone number your wish to dial.
Holiday / National holiday
Holiday / National holiday
Note that some states have different holidays. Shops that claim to be open year-round are almost always closed on New Year's Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day. Also, many stores have different hours during the summer holidays from Memorial Day to Labor Day.
- January 1: New Year's Day
- 3rd Monday of January: Birthday of Martin Luther King Jr.
- 3rd Monday of February: Presidents' Day
- March 17: St. Patrick's Day*1
- 3rd Monday of April: Patriots' Day*1
- Last Monday of May: Memorial Day
- July 4: Independence Day
- 1st Monday in September: Labor Day
- 2nd Monday in October: Columbus Day*1
- November 11: Veterans Day
- 4th Thursday in November: Thanksgiving Day
- December 25: Christmas Day
- *1.Some states have different holidays.
Mostly English, although it is not the law. Spanish is used in many places across the US.
Business hours, etc
Below are guidelines for general business hours. Hours vary with the type of business and location. Supermarkets are open either 24-hours a day or 22-hours. It is not rare for stores to close at around 19:00 in urban business districts.
Mon. to Fri. 9:00 to 17:00.
Mon. to Fri. 10:00 to 20:00, Sat. 10:00 to 19:00, Sun. 11:00 to 18:00.
Coffee shops and other cafes are open from the morning. Breakfast is from 7:00 to 10:00, lunch from 11:30 to 14:30, and dinner from 17:30 to 22:00. Bars are open until late at night.
Although it varies by state, the drinking age is generally 21. Some places require you to show ID when buying alcohol. ID is also required at clubs and other places that serve alcohol. In the US, there is a very high rate of car accidents among younger drivers, and, with very few exceptions, almost all major car rental companies do not rent cars to people under 25. Extra fees are often required for drivers between the age of 21 and 24.
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