on February 18th, 2020 (JST) current information.
Furthermore, the details under "Visa" and "Passport" are for Japanese nationals.
This information is likely to change suddenly, so please contact the relevant official authority (e.g., embassy) for the latest information.

Immigration and Visa


Not required for a tourism visit that is no more than ninety days in any 180-day period.


Your passport must be valid for at least three months from the date of departure from Germany or another country in the Schengen Area.

  • Schengen Agreement
    As of April 2019, countries in the Schengen Area are Iceland, Italy, Estonia, Austria, Holland, Greece, Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, Slovakia, Slovenia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Norway, Hungary, Finland, France, Belgium, Poland, Portugal, Malta, Latvia, Lithuania, Lichtenstein, and Luxembourg. When entering from Japan or another country outside of the Schengen Area, complete immigration and customs clearance upon arriving at the first country in the area during your visit.
  • Visa, passport, and other information is subject to change without notice. Be sure to check with the Embassy, Consulate, or travel agency.


When visiting from Japan, it is prohibited to bring the following items into Germany.

  • a. Meat, meat products (ham, sausages, or other processed foods containing meat)
  • b. Milk, dairy products (up to 2 kg of powdered baby formula or baby food for personal use is permitted)
  • c. Eggs
  • d. Vegetables
  • e. Fruit (including grape vines)
  • f. Specified nutritional supplements (e.g. large quantities of vitamins or ginseng)
  • The types of controlled items may change depending on circumstances such as contagious disease outbreaks.


Bringing in e-cigarettes

E-cigarettes and e-liquid cartridges can be brought into the country as long as they are for personal use. However, they must be brought back to Japan after your trip. Travelers who are flying may bring up to 430 EUR worth of e-cigarettes and e-liquid cartridges.

For bringing and possession of tax-free cigarettes

This applies to travelers aged 17 and older at the time of entry by air. It is subject to all baggage in the possession of travelers and is limited to items for personal use.

  • Tobacco: 200 cigarettes, 50 cigars, 100 slender cigars, or 250g of pipe tobacco; possession of tobacco ranging over several types of the above are exempt up to a total weight of less than 250g.
  • Liquor: 2L of wine or liquor containing under 22% alcohol, or 1L of liquor containing over 22% of alcohol.
  • Other: Goods or merchandise purchased outside the EU, in value up to €430 equivalent.

Time difference and Daylight Saving Time

Time difference

There is an 8-hour time difference between Japan and Germany. Subtract 8 from the hour in Japan. In other words, 7:00 in Japan is 23:00 on the previous day in Germany. This changes to a 7-hour difference during daylight saving time,
which begins at 2:00 (3:00 a.m.) at night on the last Sunday of March and ends at 3:00 (2:00 a.m.) at night on the last Sunday of October.



Germany has extremely cold winters. Even Munich in the south is further north of Sapporo. Therefore, when considering what to wear, it is best to bring clothing suitable for temperatures slightly colder than Hokkaido. Though in some years, there are heat waves in the summer, there are also quite cool days when it rains, so cold-weather garments such as cardigans should be brought.

Temperatures in Dusseldorf and Tokyo

Precipitation in Dusseldorf and Tokyo

The average maximum temperature in Tokyo and Dusseldorf, The average minimum temperature in Tokyo and Dusseldorf
month The average maximum temperature in Tokyo The average minimum temperature in Tokyo The average maximum temperature in Dusseldorf The average minimum temperature in Dusseldorf
Jan. 10℃ 2℃ 5℃ 0℃
Feb. 10℃ 2℃ 6℃ 0℃
Mar. 13℃ 5℃ 10℃ 3℃
Apr. 18℃ 10℃ 14℃ 4℃
May 23℃ 15℃ 19℃ 8℃
Jun. 25℃ 18℃ 21℃ 11℃
Jul. 28℃ 23℃ 24℃ 14℃
Aug. 31℃ 24℃ 24℃ 14℃
Sep. 27℃ 21℃ 20℃ 10℃
Oct. 23℃ 15℃ 15℃ 8℃
Nov. 17℃ 10℃ 8℃ 4℃
Dec. 13℃ 5℃ 6℃ 2℃
The average precipitation in Tokyo and Dusseldorf
month The average precipitation in Tokyo The average precipitation in Dusseldorf
Jan. 50mm 70mm
Feb. 60mm 50mm
Mar. 110mm 60mm
Apr. 130mm 50mm
May 130mm 70mm
Jun. 160mm 90mm
Jul. 160mm 70mm
Aug. 150mm 60mm
Sep. 210mm 60mm
Oct. 160mm 60mm
Nov. 90mm 70mm
Dec. 40mm 80mm

Currency and Exchange Rate, Tax, Currency exchange, Tip

Currency and Exchange Rate

The unit of currency is the Euro (abbreviated as €, EURO, or EUR), which is divided into cents. They are read in German as Euro and cent. €1 is 100 Cent, approx. JPY121 (as of January 2020).
There are seven denominations of banknotes: €500, €200, €100, €50, €20, €10, and €5. There are eight types of coins: €2, €1, 50 cent, 20 cent, 10 cent, 5 cent, 2 cent, and 1 cent.


In Germany, a value-added tax called “Mehrwertsteuer” (abbreviated MwSt.) of 19% is applied to almost all products. It is 7% for books and foods. Travelers can get this tax refunded if they do the paperwork (up to 14.5%). Incidentally, it is the tax paid when shopping that is refunded. Taxes paid for hotel and restaurant fees are not refunded.


Fees charged in places such as restaurants and hotels include a service charge, so a tip (called “trinkgeld” in German) is not always required. However, there is a custom of tipping to show gratitude to the person providing a service. The amount differs depending on whether a special request was made or the level of satisfaction with the service, but the following values serve as references.

  • Taxis: Approx. 10% of the fare. Tip a little generously when there is a lot of luggage to put in the trunk.
  • Toilets: Approx. €0.20 to €0.50 if there is an attendant sitting in the restroom with a plate in front of him/her.
  • Restaurants: Though it depends on the quality of the restaurant, generally a tip that is 10% of the meal charge that is nicely rounded off is given when paying at the table, or change from the bill is left at the table.
  • Hotels: Approx. €1 for the bellhop or when asking for room service.

Voltage and plug


Type C

Voltage is 230V with a cycle of 50Hz. Plugs are generally Type C, though some are Type SE. Many electric products made for use in Japan cannot be used as is. A transformer is necessary.

Video and DVD

Video and DVD

The TV and video system in Germany (PAL) differs from Japan (NTSC), so DVD or other media from Germany cannot be played on ordinary video players in Japan. If a DVD displays the same region code as Japan (2), then it can be played on a computer equipped with a DVD player as it is normally compatible with PAL output, but the DVD cannot be played on ordinary DVD players (it is possible if the machine is compatible with PAL).



Post offices in Germany are privatized establishments called Deutsche Post AG. In addition to postal services, many also sell stationery, etc. There are also counters in corners of train stations and shopping centers.

Normal Business Hours

Mon. to Fri. 8:00 to 18:00 and until 12:00 on Sat., closed on Sun., holidays. However, it differs. For example, small post offices close for lunch and the post office in the central train station of large cities are open until late at night.

Postal Fees

Airmail to Japan costs €0.90 for a postcard and €0.90 for a sealed letter up to 20g. Small packages up to 2kg called a "päckchen" can also be sent for €16, and a parcel called a "paket" is €46.99 up to 5kg.

Phone Call

How to phone

Telephoning Japan from Germany


Dial 00 (International telephone ID Number)


81 (Country Code, Japan)


X X(Remove the first 0 for area codes and mobile telephone numbers)


1234-5678 (Other parties telephone no.

Telephoning Germany from Japan


International Telephone Provider No.

  • 001 (KDDI)*1
  • 0033 (NTT Communications) *1
  • 0061 (SoftBank) *1
  • 005345 (au Mobile) *2
  • 009130 (NTT DoCoMo Mobile) *3
  • 0046 (SoftBank Mobile)*4

010 (International Identification No.)


49 (Country Code, Germany)


X X (Remove the first 0 for area codes)


123-456 (Other parties telephone No.)

  • *1.Not required if you have an international registration with "My Line" or "My Line Plus". See URL My Line/My Line Plus(www.myline.org) for details.
  • *2.au does not require 005345.
  • *3.Pre-registration to World Wing is required for NTT DoCoMo. Does not require 009130.
  • *4.Call are possible without dialing 0046 from SoftBank.
Calling from within Germany

Not required when calling within the area. Area codes are required when calling between regions.

Using Public Telephones
  1. Lift the receiver of its hook.
  2. Insert a telephone card according to the directions shown on the card.
  3. Dial the other parties telephone number.
  4. The remaining balance on the telephone card will be shown on the screen. After finishing the telephone call, place the receiver back on its hook and retrieve the telephone card.

Holiday / National holiday

Holiday / National holiday

There are many national holidays related to Christianity. Note that some national holidays fall on different days, depending on the year. There are also public holidays exclusive to certain states.


  • January 1: New Year's Day
  • January 6: Epiphany*2
  • April 10: Good Friday*1
  • April 12: Easter Sunday*1
  • April 13: Easter Monday*1
  • May 1: May Day
  • May 21: Ascension Day*1
  • June 31: Whit Sunday*1
  • June 1: Whit Monday*1
  • June 11: Corpus Christi*1 *2
  • August 15: Assumption Day*2
  • October 3: Day of German Unity
  • October 31: Reformation Day*2
  • November 1: All Saints' Day*2
  • November 18: Day of Atonement*1 *2
  • December 25, 26: Christmas
  • *1.National holidays fall on different days, depending on the year.
  • *2.Public holidays exclusive to certain states.




Business hours, etc

Business hours

Below are guidelines for general business hours, which differ by shop around 30min. to an hour.


Differs by bank, but generally Mon. to Fri. 9:00 to 12:00 and 14:30 to 16:00 (until 17:30 on Thu.), closed on Sat., Sun., holidays.

Department Stores/Shops

Mon. to Fri. 9:00 to 20:00, Sat. 9:00 to 16:00 (until 18:00 in large cities and during the Christmas season).


Lunch is from 11:30 to 14:00, dinner from around 17:30 to 23:00.

Age Limit

In Germany, alcohol is prohibited for those under 16 (under 18 for spirits) and smoking is prohibited for those under 18.
Age limitations for rental cars depend on the rental company and vehicle type.


In Germany, greetings are important. When entering a store or restaurant, the clerk or waiter is greeted with “Guten Tag,” “Danke” is said when being served, and “Tschüß” is said when leaving. The attitude of persons serving visitors changes just by observing these customs.

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