Decarbonization Program Based on the SAF Flight Initiative GHG Protocol

Decarbonization Program Based on the SAF Flight Initiative GHG Protocol

SAF Flight Initiative

The SAF Flight Initiative Program is a partnership program on which ANA is working with participating companies to promote the use of SAF across industries, aiming for a sustainable future by reducing CO2 emissions substantially (*1) in the value chain of the GHG Protocol Scope 3. 

  1. We can reduce CO2 emissions substantially.
  2. We lead the way in reducing CO2 emissions across the business value chain (Scope 3) to achieve differentiation from other companies in ESG initiatives.
  3. The CO2 reduction certificates that our company issues can be used to calculate disclosure information required by the TCFD, CDP, etc. (and reflected in integrated reports, etc.)
  4. This initiative can contribute to a sustainable future through the diffusion of SAF.
  • *1.Substantial CO2 reductions
    SAF can reduce CO2 emissions by about 80% compared to conventional fuels. 
    This program aims to reduce CO2 emissions by promoting the use of SAF and in the future, we will develop a program that also includes reducing CO2 emissions by combining SAF with other carbon credits, and will evolve the program based on your requests.

SAF Flight Initiative partners

coming soon

Join the SAF Flight Initiative Programs

Please consider participating in the SAF Flight Initiative to protect our blue skies and sustainable future together and pass it on to future generations. 
We have prepared two programs tailored to your needs. 

Corporate program
For Business Travel

This will substantially reduce CO2 emissions due to business trips (*1) by employees

  • *1.Scope 3 Category 6

Cargo program 
For Transportation & Distribution

This will substantially reduce CO2 emissions due to transportation and distribution (upstream and downstream) (*1)  in the business value chain 

  • *1.Scope 3 Categories 4 and 9

What is SAF?

Sustainable Aviation Fuel

What is sustainable aviation fuel? 

  • SAF is a sustainable aviation fuel that can reduce CO2 emissions by about 80% compared to conventional fuels throughout its life cycle, from production and collection of raw materials such as biomass, waste cooking oil and exhaust gas, to production and combustion.
  • SAF is an indispensable alternative fuel in realizing carbon neutrality in air transportation, but global production of SAF currently only accounts for less than 0.1% of demand so mass production and diffusion of SAF is an urgent issue.
  • To protect our blue skies and sustainable future, air transportation stakeholders need to cooperate to promote expansion of the use and production of SAF.

What is the GHG Protocol Scope 3?

The GHG Protocol is a joint initiative of the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD). The Scope 3 standard, published by the GHG Protocol in November 2011, is a calculation standard for an organization’s overall supply chain emissions. Its formal name is the “Corporate Value Chain (Scope 3) Accounting and Reporting Standard” and it is divided into 15 categories. Air transportation is in Categories [4], [6] and [9] of Scope 3 for customers.

This is an illustration of supply chain emissions, which consist of Scope 1 (direct emissions), Scope 2 (indirect emissions from energy sources), and Scope 3 (other indirect emissions), divided into upstream, in-house, and downstream.  Direct emissions of greenhouse gases by business operators (combustion of fuel, industrial processes) are in Scope 1. Indirect emissions associated with the use of electricity, heat and steam supplied by other companies are in Scope 2. Scope 3 includes other companies’ emissions related to the business operator’s activities, such as commuting, transportation and distribution, which occur upstream and downstream.

Scope 3 Categories Examples of Applicable Activities
1 Purchased products and services Procurement of raw materials, outsourcing of packaging, procurement of expendables
2 Capital goods Expansion of production facilities
(if constructed or manufactured over multiple years, recorded in the final year, when construction or manufacture is complete)
3 Fuel and energy activities
not included in Scope 1, or 2
Upstream processing of procured fuel (mining, refining, etc.)
Upstream processing of procured electricity
(mining, refining, etc., of fuel used in power generation)
4 Transportation and distribution (upstream) Procurement distribution, tranportation between warehouses, shipping distribution (own company is shipper)
5 Waste generated in operations Transportation (*1) and processing of waste (excluding valuables) not by own company
6 Business travel Employee business travel
7 Employee commuting Employee commuting
8 Leased assets (upstream) Operation of leased assets leased by the company
(under the calculation, reporting, and publication system, most cases are not applicable as they are included in Scopes 1 and 2)
9 Transportation and distribution (downstream) Shipment (after shipment by own company), storage in warehouses, and sales at retail stores
10 Processing of products sold Processing of intermediate products by the business operator
11 Use of products sold Use of products by users
12 End of life treatment of sold products Transportation (*2) and processing of products at the time of disposal by users
13 Leased assets (downstream) Leased assets owned by the company as lessor and leased to others
14 Franchises Activities that fall under Scope 1 and 2 of franchisees that own company presides over
15 Investments Management of stock investments, bond investments, project finance, etc.
Other (optional) Daily life of employees and consumers
  • *1.Under the Scope 3 standard and basic guidelines, transportation is an optional subject of calculation.
  • *2.Under the Scope 3 standard and basic guidelines, transportation is excluded from calculation, but it can be calculated.

Source: Ministry of the Environment 

CO2 Reduction Certificates

CO2 reduction certificates can be used in the calculation of disclosure information required by the TCFD, CDP, etc. (and reflected in integrated reports, etc.) 

  • ANA receives the SAF manufacturer’s CO2 reduction certificate from the supplier when it purchases SAF, and issues certificates linked and split to participating companies.
  • The SAF CO2 reduction certificates supplied to ANA comply with the current EU Renewable Energy Directive and also include GHG reductions throughout the lifecycle.
  • As to the calculation method for allocating Scope 3 emission reductions to specific companies, etc., we issue certificates whose transparency is ensured through certification by a third party organization.
  • From the perspective of ensuring operational safety, SAF is currently regulated for mixing with conventional fuels up to a limit of 50%. Aircraft manufacturers have announced a goal of enabling 100% use of SAF by 2030.
  • If there is a shortage, etc., of SAF supply in the future, we may reduce CO2 emissions in combination with other carbon credits. In that case, the breakdown of use and reliability will be stated on the certificate.

ANA’s SAF Challenge

Long-term environmental target for 2050: Reduce CO2 emissions from aircraft to net zero

2011
Invested in Euglena Co.,Ltd. 
Participated in NEDO project.

2019
Concluded agreement with Lanza Tech of America for medium to long-term supply of SAF / used SAF for the delivery flight to Japan of a newly built aircraft jointly with Mitsui & Co., Ltd.

2020
Started strategic alliance with Neste of Finland for medium to long-term supply of SAF / used SAF on scheduled flights departing from Haneda and Narita airports (first in Japan). 
Together with Toshiba Energy Systems & Solutions Corporation, Toshiba Corporation, Toyo Engineering Corporation, Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd., and Japan CCS Co., Ltd., began studying a carbon recycling business model that reuses CO2 from exhaust gas and other sources for SAF.

2021
In NEDO project, used domestically produced SAF, manufactured by IHI Corporation, on scheduled flights from Haneda Airport.
Procured Neste SAF on a commercial scale and started use on scheduled flights departing from Haneda and Narita airports.