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Yangon

on September 14th, 2023 (JST) current information.
Furthermore, the details under "Visa" and "Passport" are for Japanese nationals.
This information is likely to change suddenly, so please contact the relevant official authority (e.g., embassy) for the latest information.

Immigration and Visa

Visa

All visitors to Myanmar require a visa, regardless of purpose. When visiting for tourism, you must have a tourist visa. You can apply electronically or at the Embassy of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar in Tokyo. Each visit can be up to 28 days (28 days, 27 nights).

Passport

You may enter if you have a passport that is valid for at least six months from the date of entry.

Quarantine

When visiting from Japan, it is prohibited to bring the following items into Myanmar.

  • a. Animals, birds, meat or meat products that do not pass quarantine, products for animals, animal feed
  • b. Live plants, seeds, or soil with no plant quarantine certificate
  • Items that are deemed in quarantine to be of nonstandard quality or to contain harmful pathogens or toxins will be confiscated or destroyed.

Customs

Bringing electronic cigarettes (heated tobacco) is limited to one device per person for personal (your own) use. In addition, replacement fluid up to 50ml can also be brought with you.

Time difference and Daylight Saving Time

Time difference

There is a 2 hour and 30 minute time difference between Japan and Myanmar. Noon in Japan is 9:30 in Myanmar. Daylight saving time is not observed.

Climate

Climate

There are significant regional differences because the country stretches lengthwise north to south. Basically, the central to southern regions are tropical, while the northern region is temperate. The regions in which foreigners can travel without special permission have a hot and humid climate throughout the year.

Average Annual Temperature

  • Data on temperature and precipitation in Tokyo is from the Tokyo District Meteorological Observatory. Temperature and precipitation in Yangon is according to data obtained in Myanmar.

Annual Precipitation

  • Data on temperature and precipitation in Tokyo is from the Tokyo District Meteorological Observatory. Temperature and precipitation in Yangon is according to data obtained in Myanmar.

  • Monthly average temperature and precipitation

    The average maximum temperature in Tokyo and Yangon, The average minimum temperature in Tokyo and Yangon

    month The average maximum temperature in Tokyo The average minimum temperature in Tokyo The average maximum temperature in Yangon The average minimum temperature in Yangon
    Jan. 10℃ 2℃ 36℃ 15℃
    Feb. 10℃ 2℃ 38℃ 18℃
    Mar. 13℃ 5℃ 39℃ 19℃
    Apr. 18℃ 10℃ 40℃ 22℃
    May 23℃ 15℃ 37℃ 24℃
    Jun. 25℃ 18℃ 33℃ 22℃
    Jul. 28℃ 23℃ 33℃ 23℃
    Aug. 31℃ 24℃ 33℃ 23℃
    Sep. 27℃ 21℃ 33℃ 24℃
    Oct. 23℃ 15℃ 35℃ 23℃
    Nov. 17℃ 10℃ 35℃ 22℃
    Dec. 13℃ 5℃ 32℃ 14℃

    The average precipitation in Tokyo and Yangon

    month The average precipitation in Tokyo The average precipitation in Yangon
    Jan. 40mm 0mm
    Feb. 50mm 0mm
    Mar. 100mm 30mm
    Apr. 120mm 50mm
    May 130mm 350mm
    Jun. 190mm 530mm
    Jul. 120mm 480mm
    Aug. 140mm 450mm
    Sep. 180mm 290mm
    Oct. 140mm 140mm
    Nov. 90mm 50mm
    Dec. 40mm 20mm

Currency and Exchange Rate, Tax, Currency exchange, Tip

Currency and Exchange Rate

There are also small new banknotes for the K1000 and K500.

The unit of currency is the Myanmar kyat. In this website, it is written as K. This is subdivided into pya; 100 pya equals K1. However, the pya is almost never used due to inflation. There are 8 denominations of banknotes: K50, K100, K200, K500, K1000, K5000, K10000, and K20000.
Exchange Rate: K1 is approx. JPY0.071. (as of September 28, 2023.)

Tax

Luxury hotels will add a 10% tax and a 10% service charge to fees.

Tip

Not required, excluding luxury hotels and upscale restaurants.

Voltage and plug

Voltage

Some plugs have switches that can turn off the power

Voltage is 220V to 240V with a cycle of 50Hz. Electric products made to Japanese specifications cannot be used as is. Electric power is inferior, and voltage is unstable. Power failures often occur. Plug types include B, B3, etc.

Video and DVD

Video and DVD

Myanmar used the same NTSC video system as Japan. The DVD region code is 3 (Japan is 2).For Blu-ray Discs, Myanmar uses the same Region A code as Japan.

Mail

Mail

Domestic postal services have improved significantly through Japanese assistance, with a deliver rate of almost 100% between major cities like Yangon, Naypyidaw, and Mandalay.

Postal Fees (airmail to Japan)

A postcard is K500.

Post Office Business Hours

Mon. to Fri. 9:30 to 16:00, Sat. 9:30 to 12:00, closed on Sun./holidays. (may differ according to post office.)

Phone Call

How to phone

Telephoning Japan from Myanmar

STEP1

Dial 00 (International telephone ID Number)

STEP2

81 (Country Code, Japan)

STEP3

Other parties telephone number (Remove the first 0 from area codes and mobile telephone numbers)

Telephoning Myanmar from Japan

Use any of the following
STEP1

International Telephone Provider No.

  • 001 (KDDI)*1
  • 0033 (NTT Communications) *1
  • 0061 (SoftBank) *1
  • 005345 (au Mobile) *2
  • 009130 (NTT DoCoMo Mobile) *3
  • 0046 (SoftBank Mobile)*4
STEP2

010 (International Identification No.)

STEP3

95 (Country Code, Myanmar)

STEP4

Other parties telephone No. (Remove the first 0 for area codes and mobile telephone numbers)

  • *1.Not required if you have an international registration with "My Line" or "My Line Plus". See URL My Line/My Line Plus(www.myline.org) for details.
  • *2.au does not require 005345.
  • *3.Pre-registration to World Wing is required for NTT DoCoMo. Does not require 009130.
  • *4.Call are possible without dialing 0046 from SoftBank.
Myanmar Domestic Calls

Area codes apply and must be placed before any numbers except when making calls within the same area. Line quality can be poor, especially when making calls to other regions.

Myanmar Public Telephones

There are no automatic public telephones as coins are not available. Calls can be made from the public telephone shops available in cities. Telephone usage fees can be paid directly to the teller at each establishment.

Holiday / National holiday

Holiday / National holiday

The dates of national holidays marked with an *1 change each year since they are observed in accordance with the lunar calendar or the Chula Sakarat (Burmese calendar).When a public holiday falls on a Saturday or Sunday, the following Monday is a substitute holiday.

2024

  • January 1: New Year's Day
  • January 4: Independence Day
  • February 12: Union Day
  • March 2: Peasants' Day
  • March 24 to 25: Tabaung Festival (full moon in March)*1
  • March 27: Armed Forces Day
  • April 13 to 16: Maha Thingyan (Water Festival)*1
  • April 17: Myanmar New Year
  • May 1: May Day
  • May 22: Kason Festival*1
  • Mid July: Eid (Islamic holiday. Set immediately before)
  • July 19: Martyrs' Day
  • July 20 to 22: Waso Festival (beginning of Buddhist Lent) (full moon in July)*1
  • October 16 to 18: Thadingyut Festival (Also called the Tazaungdaing festival)*1
  • November 14 to 15: Tazaungmone Festival (full moon in November)*1
  • November 25: National Holiday
  • December 25: Christmas Day
  • December 31: New Year's Eve
  • *1.The dates change each year as they follow the lunar calendar or Chula Sakarat. Dates of Hindu and Islamic holidays are set immediately before the holiday.

Language

Language

The official language is Burmese. Ethnic minorities each have their own language. English is understood at many hotels and guesthouses used by foreigners. Chinese is understood in the northern and northeastern regions, and Thai is understood in the eastern region of Shan State.

Business hours, etc

Business hours

Government Offices

Mon. to Fri. 9:30 to 16:30. Closed on Sundays and holidays.

Department Stores/Shops

Business hours vary, because unlike places like Europe, business hours are not public regulated. Generally, stores are open from around 9:00 to 21:00 nearly every day, excluding New Year’s (according to the Burmese calendar) and religious holidays.

Restaurants

Establishments of moderate standing or above are open from around 11:00 to 22:00 or 23:00 (some close for a short period in the afternoon). Some less expensive restaurants and food stalls open at 6:00 or 7:00 or even earlier.

Age Limit

Minors are prohibited from smoking and consuming alcohol.

Manners

Prohibition of Street Shoes on Temple Grounds

In Myanmar, visitors must be barefoot when entering not only temple buildings, but also temple grounds. Socks and stockings, as well as shoes must be taken off. When visiting temples, it is convenient to wear easy-to-slip-off beach sandals or sports sandals without socks/stockings. Large temples have a place to store shoes at the entrance to the temple approach. Leave a tip when handing over your shoes.

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